On November 1, 2012, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a final rule with comment period updating Medicare payment policies and rates for physicians. The Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS) final rule includes a statutorily required 26.5 % reduction to Medicare payment rates for more than 1 million physicians and non-physician practitioners under the Balanced Budget Act of 1997’s Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) methodology. The conversion factor for 2013 will be $25.0008.
The MFPS final rule also includes a new policy to pay a patient’s physician or practitioner to coordinate the patient’s care in the 30 days following a hospital or skilled nursing facility stay. Recognizing the work of community physicians and practitioners in treating a patient following discharge from a hospital or nursing facility will ensure better continuity of care for these patients and help reduce patient readmissions.
In addition, the final rule with comment period continues the careful implementation of the physician value-based payment modifier by phasing in application of the modifier and enabling physicians in larger groups to choose how to participate. The value modifier provides differential Medicare payments to physicians based on comparison of the quality of care furnished to beneficiaries and the cost of care. The statute allows CMS to phase in the value modifier over three years from 2015 to 2017.
For physicians and groups of physicians who elect to participate in 2015, common sense incentives will improve the care that beneficiaries receive; physicians with higher quality and lower costs will be paid more, and those with lower quality and higher costs will be paid less. The performance period for the application of the value modifier in CY 2015 was previously established as CY 2013 in the CY 2012 MPFS final rule.
The final rule continues efforts by CMS to align quality reporting across programs to reduce burden and complexity. The rule makes changes to the Physician Quality and Reporting System (PQRS) and the Electronic Prescribing (eRx) Incentive Program, the two quality reporting programs applicable to the MPFS, and updates the Medicare Electronic Health Records (EHR) Incentive Pilot Program
The final rule also lays out next steps to enhance the Physician Compare website, including posting names of practitioners who, as part of the Million Hearts campaign, successfully report measures to prevent heart disease. These are recommended measures under PQRS as well.
Among other changes, the final rule also expands access to services that can be provided by non-physician practitioners. The rule allows Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) to be paid by Medicare for providing all services that they are permitted to furnish under state law. This change will allow Medicare to pay CRNAs for services to the full extent of their state scope of practice. The rule also allows Medicare to pay for portable x-rays ordered by nurse practitioners, physician assistants and other non-physician practitioners.
Finally, the rule explains how Medicare will pay for molecular pathology services—the next innovation in clinical laboratory tests that will foster the development of personalized medicine. These tests will be paid under the Clinical Laboratory Fee Schedule with 2013 payment set by the gap filling method.
The final rule is available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-11-16/pdf/2012-26900.pdf